Tropical Storm Darby Advisory 47

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TS Darby Advisory 47
TS Darby Advisory 47

WTPA33 PHFO 230856
TCPCP3

BULLETIN
TROPICAL STORM DARBY ADVISORY NUMBER  47
NWS CENTRAL PACIFIC HURRICANE CENTER HONOLULU HI   EP052016
1100 PM HST FRI JUL 22 2016

…DARBY EXPECTED TO REACH THE BIG ISLAND SATURDAY…

SUMMARY OF 1100 PM HST…0900 UTC…INFORMATION
———————————————–
LOCATION…18.8N 153.0W
ABOUT 150 MI…240 KM ESE OF HILO HAWAII
ABOUT 360 MI…580 KM ESE OF HONOLULU HAWAII
MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS…60 MPH…95 KM/H
PRESENT MOVEMENT…W OR 280 DEGREES AT 10 MPH…17 KM/H
MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE…1000 MB…29.53 INCHES

WATCHES AND WARNINGS
——————–
CHANGES WITH THIS ADVISORY:

None.

SUMMARY OF WATCHES AND WARNINGS IN EFFECT:

A Tropical Storm Warning is in effect for…
* Hawaii County
* Maui County, including the islands of Maui, Molokai, Lanai and
Kahoolawe

A Tropical Storm Watch is in effect for…
* Oahu

A Tropical Storm Warning means that tropical storm conditions are
expected within the warning area within 36 hours.

A Tropical Storm Watch means that tropical storm conditions are
possible within the watch area within 48 hours.

Interests elsewhere in the Hawaiian Islands should monitor the
progress of Darby. Watches and warnings may be required for
additional islands later tonight or Saturday.

For storm information specific to your area, please monitor
products issued by the National Weather Service office in
Honolulu Hawaii.

DISCUSSION AND 48-HOUR OUTLOOK
——————————
At 1100 PM HST (0900 UTC), the center of Tropical Storm Darby was
located near latitude 18.8 North, longitude 153.0 West. Darby is
moving toward the west near 10 mph (17 km/h). Darby’s forward
motion is expected to slow slightly Saturday followed by a turn
toward the northwest Saturday night. On the forecast track, the
center of Darby is forecast to pass over the Big Island on
Saturday, and Maui on Saturday night.

Maximum sustained winds are near 60 mph (95 km/h) with higher gusts.
Some weakening is forecast during the next 48 hours.

Tropical-storm-force winds extend outward up to 125 miles (205 km)
from the center.

The estimated minimum central pressure is 1000 mb (29.53 inches).

HAZARDS AFFECTING LAND
———————-
WIND:  Tropical storm force winds are expected over the Big Island
starting late tonight, and over portions of Maui County on
Saturday. Tropical storm force winds are possible over Oahu
Saturday night or Sunday.

SURF:  Swells generated by Darby are expected to impact the
Hawaiian Islands over the next couple of days.

RAINFALL:  Storm total rainfall of 10 to 15 inches with locally
higher amounts…could cause life-threatening flash floods as well
as landslides.

NEXT ADVISORY
————-
Next intermediate advisory at 200 AM HST.
Next complete advisory at 500 AM HST.

$$
Forecaster Powell

WTPA43 PHFO 230856
TCDCP3

TROPICAL STORM DARBY DISCUSSION NUMBER  47
NWS CENTRAL PACIFIC HURRICANE CENTER HONOLULU HI   EP052016
1100 PM HST FRI JUL 22 2016

Darby’s satellite presentation continues to be messy, with deep
convection now on the decline and beginning to wrap around the
south and southwest quadrants. Cloud tops have warmed over the past
six hours and the best outflow continues to be toward the
northeast, consistent with southwesterly shear near 10 kt depicted
by SHIPS. The 53rd Weather Reconnaissance Squadron’s WC-130J
aircraft did a fine job this evening finding the center of this
system, so we are confident we know where Darby is and how it is
moving. Based on aircraft SFMR data from the first pass through the
center, we will keep an initial intensity of 50 kt for this
advisory. Like before, this is higher than the objective Dvorak
satellite intensity estimates from the three satellite analysis
centers (HFO, JTWC and SAB). These range from 30 kt to 45 kt.
Interestingly, an 0630 UTC ASCAT pass only found 35 kt within the
northeast quadrant. The next aircraft reconnaissance mission into
Darby will be Saturday morning.

Initial motion is 280/09 kt as Darby slowly gains latitude along the
southern flank of a subtropical ridge. Low pressure farther to the
north is expected to dig southward, weakening the ridge. This will
simultaneously slow Darby’s forward motion and deflect it to a more
northwesterly track. Vertical wind shear will also increase,
especially after 18 hours according to SHIPS, likely leading to
gradual weakening from 24 hours and beyond. Track guidance has
changed very little over the past 6 to 12 hours, depicting a gently
curving path across the main Hawaiian Island chain. The forecast
for this advisory track has changed very little and remains well
within the tightening guidance envelope and close to TVCN consensus.
This track takes Darby directly across the Big Island of Hawaii
between 12 and 24 hours.

The intensity forecast is based on the gradual toll that increasing
vertical shear will take on Darby, overtaking any sustaining
effects from marginal sea surface temperatures. However, this shear
is not expected to become strong until day 2. The forecast
calls for slow weakening with Darby maintaining tropical storm
strength through the weekend. This is consistent with the previous
package and represents a compromise between SHIPS, which weakens
DARBY quickly, and GHMI, which keeps Darby as a strong tropical
storm through day 5. It is important to note that weakening
due to land interaction has so far been ignored for that portion of
the track beyond the Big Island.

Interests outside of the watch and warning areas in the Hawaiian
Islands should continue to monitor the progress of Darby. Remember,
it is important not to focus too closely on the exact track and
intensity forecasts because the average track error 72 hours out is
near 100 miles, while the average intensity error is about 15 kt. In
addition, the hazards of a tropical cyclone can extend over a broad
area well away from the center.

FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS

INIT  23/0900Z 18.8N 153.0W   50 KT  60 MPH
12H  23/1800Z 19.1N 154.4W   50 KT  60 MPH
24H  24/0600Z 19.8N 155.7W   45 KT  50 MPH
36H  24/1800Z 20.6N 156.7W   40 KT  45 MPH
48H  25/0600Z 21.7N 158.0W   40 KT  45 MPH
72H  26/0600Z 24.3N 160.8W   40 KT  45 MPH
96H  27/0600Z 27.6N 163.7W   35 KT  40 MPH
120H  28/0600Z 31.9N 166.3W   30 KT  35 MPH

$$
Forecaster Powell

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In 1995 At Maui High Performance Computing Center The Maui Scientific Analysis & Visualization of the Environment Program was first incubated. I was the principal investigator of this independant research project which was a joint development between MHPCC, Silicon Graphics Computers (SGI) & NKO.ORG. Using SGI Cosmo Worlds software, we pioneered the development of Internet based 3D virtual reality GIS based interactive worlds. In 1996 with a network of seven high performance SGI workstations we pioneered development of live streaming MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, Real Video and QuickTime Streaming Server utilizing Kassenna MediaBase software. In Maui 2002 we pioneered and tested the first wireless live streaming video using laptop computers and Maui Sky Fiber's portable 3G wireless device. In Maui we pioneered live streaming video using usb modems from AT&T , Verizon as well as live streaming from iPhone 3 over 3G wireless networks. Today The Maui S.A.V.E. Program has diversified into storm tracking including visualization and analysis of large, memory-intensive gridded data sets such as the National Hurricane Center's wind speed probabilities. I volunteer my services to numerous Disaster Services Organizations. In June 2013 I returned from Hurricane Sandy deployment as a computer operations service associate with the Disaster Services Technology Group assisting as The American Red Cross migrated from a Disaster Response Operation to Long Term Recovery Operations. Pioneering the production/editing and Internet distribution of HD video to sites like Youtube.com and Vimeo.com we are shining the light towards environmental and peace efforts of humans across the globe. Since 1992 I have held the vision of establishing Maui, Hawaii as the environmental sciences center of the world. After His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet came to Maui This vision has expanded to establishing Maui as the environmental & peace center of the world.

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