Tropical Storm Olivia Advisory 46A

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995
WTPA35 PHFO 120601
TCPCP5

BULLETIN
Tropical Storm Olivia Intermediate Advisory Number 46A
NWS Central Pacific Hurricane Center Honolulu HI EP172018
800 PM HST Tue Sep 11 2018

…OLIVIA SLOWS DOWN BUT STILL MOVING TOWARD MAUI COUNTY AND THE BIG
ISLAND…

SUMMARY OF 800 PM HST…0600 UTC…INFORMATION
———————————————-
LOCATION…20.8N 154.4W
ABOUT 85 MI…135 KM NE OF HILO HAWAII
ABOUT 230 MI…370 KM E OF HONOLULU HAWAII
MAXIMUM SUSTAINED WINDS…50 MPH…85 KM/H
PRESENT MOVEMENT…SW OR 235 DEGREES AT 8 MPH…13 KM/H
MINIMUM CENTRAL PRESSURE…1003 MB…29.62 INCHES

WATCHES AND WARNINGS
——————–
CHANGES WITH THIS ADVISORY:

None.

SUMMARY OF WATCHES AND WARNINGS IN EFFECT:

A Tropical Storm Warning is in effect for…
* Kauai County…including the islands of Kauai and Niihau
* Oahu
* Maui County…including the islands of Maui, Molokai, Lanai, and
Kahoolawe
* Hawaii County

Interests in the Northwest Hawaiian Islands should monitor the
progress of Olivia.

A Tropical Storm Warning means that tropical storm conditions are
expected somewhere in the warning area within 36 hours.

For storm information specific to your area, please monitor
products issued by the National Weather Service office in
Honolulu Hawaii.

DISCUSSION AND OUTLOOK
———————-
At 800 PM HST (0600 UTC), the center of Tropical Storm Olivia was
located near latitude 20.8 North, longitude 154.4 West. Olivia’s
forward speed has slowed once again, and it is moving toward the
southwest near 8 mph (13 km/h). A general west-southwest motion and
a gradual increase in forward speed is expected overnight as the
center of Olivia approaches Maui and the Big Island. After Olivia
moves past the islands, a somewhat faster west-southwest motion is
expected to resume and continue for the next couple of days.

Maximum sustained winds are near 50 mph (85 km/h) with higher
gusts. Gradual weakening is forecast during the next 48 hours, but
Olivia is expected to remain a tropical storm as it moves over the
main Hawaiian Islands.

Tropical-storm-force winds extend outward up to 105 miles (165 km),
mainly to the north of the center.

The estimated minimum central pressure is 1003 mb (29.62 inches).

HAZARDS AFFECTING LAND
———————-
WIND: Tropical storm conditions are expected over portions of
Maui County and the Big Island starting tonight. Tropical
storm conditions are expected to begin over Oahu early Wednesday.
Tropical storm conditions are expected over Kauai County starting
later Wednesday. Remember that wind gusts can be much stronger near
higher terrain, particularly through gaps between mountains and
where winds blow downslope.

RAINFALL: Showers will continue to increase over portions of the
main Hawaiian Islands tonight and Wednesday. Olivia is expected to
produce total rainfall accumulations of 5 to 10 inches in some
areas, with isolated maximum amounts of 15 inches possible,
especially in higher terrain. This rainfall may produce
life-threatening flash flooding.

SURF: Large swells generated by Olivia will impact the main Hawaiian
Islands over the next couple of days. This will result in
dangerously high and potentially damaging surf, mainly along
exposed east facing shores.

NEXT ADVISORY
————-
Next complete advisory at 1100 PM HST.

$$
Forecaster Birchard

535
WTPA45 PHFO 120312
TCDCP5

Tropical Storm Olivia Discussion Number 46
NWS Central Pacific Hurricane Center Honolulu HI EP172018
500 PM HST Tue Sep 11 2018

Olivia’s low level circulation center (LLCC) continues to outrun
the bands of deep convection now well to the east of the center.
Without any new deep convection near the center, the wind field
continues to gradually spin down. However, the 53rd Weather
Reconnaissance Squadron found SFMR winds of 42 kt in the northeast
quadrant. Thus, the current intensity has been lowered to 45 kt for
this advisory. This also agrees well with an earlier 1939 UTC ASCAT
pass that covered part of the tropical cyclone.

The motion has been very erratic today. As the LLCC decoupled from
the deep convection, it accelerated rapidly westward. Since about
2000 UTC, this motion has been quite a bit slower and toward the
southwest. Averaging this out to a representative motion gives
260/13. Erratic motion is likely to continue overnight as the now
shallow circulation of Olivia encounters terrain, but a general
west-southwest motion is expected. If Olivia’s LLCC survives the
passage near the island terrain (and this is a big if), the center
is expected to continue moving toward the west-southwest through 48
hours. A more westward motion is expected to begin by 72 hours and
beyond as the deep layer ridge west of Olivia weakens and an mid-
level low digs southwest toward the cyclone.

Our intensity forecast operates under the assumption that the low
level circulation center will be intact after emerging to the
southwest of Maui and the Big Island. If this occurs, gradual
weakening is expected to continue in line with all the guidance
which shows moderate to strong shear continuing through the
forecast period. Olivia is expected to become a remnant low within
72 hours, but there is a decent chance this will happen even
sooner.

Key Messages:

1. As Olivia moves across the main Hawaiian Islands, it still bring
worse impacts than recent Hurricane Lane to some areas. Those
impacts could include flooding rainfall, damaging winds, and
large and dangerous surf.

2. Significant impacts can occur well away from the center. In
particular, the mountainous terrain of Hawaii can produce localized
areas of strongly enhanced wind gusts and rainfall.

FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS

INIT 12/0300Z 20.9N 154.2W 45 KT 50 MPH
12H 12/1200Z 20.4N 156.4W 45 KT 50 MPH
24H 13/0000Z 19.6N 158.9W 40 KT 45 MPH
36H 13/1200Z 19.1N 161.7W 35 KT 40 MPH
48H 14/0000Z 18.8N 164.7W 35 KT 40 MPH
72H 15/0000Z 19.0N 169.0W 30 KT 35 MPH…POST-TROP/REMNT LOW
96H 16/0000Z 19.8N 172.7W 30 KT 35 MPH…POST-TROP/REMNT LOW
120H 17/0000Z 20.9N 176.0W 30 KT 35 MPH…POST-TROP/REMNT LOW

$$
Forecaster R Ballard

Follow Paul Garrett Hugel:

In 1995 At Maui High Performance Computing Center The Maui Scientific Analysis & Visualization of the Environment Program was first incubated. I was the principal investigator of this independant research project which was a joint development between MHPCC, Silicon Graphics Computers (SGI) & NKO.ORG. Using SGI Cosmo Worlds software, we pioneered the development of Internet based 3D virtual reality GIS based interactive worlds. In 1996 with a network of seven high performance SGI workstations we pioneered development of live streaming MPEG-1, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, Real Video and QuickTime Streaming Server utilizing Kassenna MediaBase software. In Maui 2002 we pioneered and tested the first wireless live streaming video using laptop computers and Maui Sky Fiber's portable 3G wireless device. In Maui we pioneered live streaming video using usb modems from AT&T , Verizon as well as live streaming from iPhone 3 over 3G wireless networks. Today The Maui S.A.V.E. Program has diversified into storm tracking including visualization and analysis of large, memory-intensive gridded data sets such as the National Hurricane Center's wind speed probabilities. I volunteer my services to numerous Disaster Services Organizations. In June 2013 I returned from Hurricane Sandy deployment as a computer operations service associate with the Disaster Services Technology Group assisting as The American Red Cross migrated from a Disaster Response Operation to Long Term Recovery Operations. Pioneering the production/editing and Internet distribution of HD video to sites like Youtube.com and Vimeo.com we are shining the light towards environmental and peace efforts of humans across the globe. Since 1992 I have held the vision of establishing Maui, Hawaii as the environmental sciences center of the world. After His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama of Tibet came to Maui This vision has expanded to establishing Maui as the environmental & peace center of the world.

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